Saturday, November 19, 2011

Types of Depression

As you are now aware of depression, then the next question comes to mind is "what type or types of depression are there?" Depression has many types, so you know, depression is only the beginning. These species are sometimes distinguished by their duration, prevalent features and severity of symptoms. Although there a number of types of depression we can still try to categorize the most popular species. Most of these species are determined by Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), American Psychiatric Association publication that describes the standard criteria for various psychiatric disorders.

Here is the list of possible types of depression and detail of each will be discussed later in this post.

Major depressive disorder
Dysthymic disorder
Manic Depression
Post birth depression
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
Anxiety Depression
Atypical Depression
Chronic depression
Double Depression
Endogenous depression
Situational Depression or Reactive Depression
Agitated depression
Psychotic Depression
Melancholic depression
Catatonic depression

Major depressive disorder:

Major depressive disorder, sometimes referred to as major depression or clinical depression or unipolar depression, even the most serious type of depression, the number of its symptoms and their severity. Significant individual differences are there, but many of them are very common. Symptoms of major depressive episode last most of the day repeated every day for at least two weeks. It deals with a depressed mood or significant reduction of interest or pleasure in all or most activities. Additional symptoms may include significant weight loss / gain or increase / decrease in appetite, sleep problems, changes in movement associated with mental stress, fatigue or loss of energy, feeling worthless for any reason, difficulties in making decision by a lack of concentration and thinking. Extreme situation can be repeated thoughts about death or suicide or planning for it. If a person is observed in most of these symptoms for more than two-week period, they can be diagnosed with major depressive disorder.

Dysthymic disorder:

Dysthymic disorder is also known as simply dysthymia. Dysthymia (pronounced Dis-hip-me-uh) comes from Greek roots dys, meaning "sick" or "bad" and thymia, which means "mind" or "emotion." Dysthymic disorder is low to moderate level of depression that lasts at least two years and often longer. Its symptoms are less severe than major depression, but because of their durability and resistant to treatment seems to matter. Dysthymic patients often develop severe depression at some point during their depression.

Manic Depression:

Manic depression, also known as Bipoler disorder includes periods of depression and mania. These two countries each cycle more quickly, or a state (mania) may be no depressive episodes. (In case if youd do not know about MANIA Mania is a medical condition in which patients suffer severely elevated mood throughout. It is usually associated with mood changes when the patient goes through an extremely elevated mood or happy at the same time at other times you may feel depressed). Manic episodes may consist of constantly elevated or irritable mood, which is very level and can continue to be at least equivalent to one week. This depression is dealing with high and low mood that alongwith other significant symptoms not present in other depressions.

Depression after delivery:
Depression after the birth occurs after the baby. Depressive symptoms usually begin within four weeks of birth and is variable in length and severety. The cycle of pregnancy brings many harmonal changes or changes in body wormen. Mood is severly affected by these dramatic and rapid changes. This is known as "baby blues." Postpartum depression may be more than just a case of the blues, however. It can vary from mild symptoms that disappear without treatment all the way to postpartum psychosis, which is not treated, may be responsible for the tragic murders of children.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD):

Depressive disorder type, which is symbolized by episodes of severe depression at certain times of the year. It can be any winter or fall, it does not matter. So, if someone experiences depression, lethargy, weight gain and cravings for carbohydrates during the winter months, but feel better as soon as spring returns, then one can be diagonized of depression called seasonal affective disorder (SAD ).

Anxiety Depression:

This is fundamentally different from depression and some addition to depression. In this case, the individual also shows signs of anxiety along with depression symptoms. Depression plus Anxiety creates another category of depression, simply defined as anxiety depression.

Atypical depression:

Atypical depression is slightly different from major depression and various mood swings do react to positive developments in the vicinity. People who suffer atypical depression believe that outside events control their mood. It can boast, attention or success. This depression can last a long time or forever, so it can be said is also a type of dysthymia. Symptoms of atypical depression, fatigue, uspivaneto, overeating and weight gain.

Chronic depression:

It is basically a case of severe depression when symptoms appear consistently at least two years.
Double depression:

If a person has severe depression episode with dysthymia, then these two depressions him / her in the category of double depression.

Endogenous depression:

This is a special type of depression, because in the form of depression for no apparent symptoms. As something that comes from inside the body and this is why the name Das endogenous depression.
Situation or reactive depression:

Situation or reactive depression is a major adjustment disorder with depressed mood. Some specific situation or event is presented for major depressive victims. But technically not a severe depression because it is only a temporary response to an event or situation. It can be removed very soon after that event or situation becomes obsolete or loses its affect. For example, if someone loses his / her job, then a temporary depression would come over to him / her as soon buat as the work is again this depression is no longer there, so can not fall into the category of major depressive disorder and thus enter into the situation or category of reactive depression.

Agitated depression:

Type of major depressive disorder, characterized by excitement as physical and emotional anxiety, irritability and insomnia, which is the opposite of many depressed individuals who have low energy and feel physically and mentally slow.

Psychotic Depression:

This kind of depression when the patient shows symptoms that are psychotic in nature. Symptoms are fake and unbelievable. If an individual is hearing a strange voice and false believes that then associated with depression may be called as Psychotic.

Melancholic depression:

Melancholic depression is a severe type of depression. The individual may lose pleasure in each routine and slowly in response to temporary positive developments in the vicinity.

Catatonic depression:

It is also a type of severe depression and is identified by excessive movement (purposeless), high resistance to instructions / suggestions, loss of voluntary movement and inability to react to the environment and inadequate voluntary movements and involuntary repetition of words of someone meaninglessly.

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